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Differentiation of Reasoning Processes Based on Eye Movement Indicators

© 2021 D. V. Zaitseva, A. I. Kovalevb, A. A. Kiselnikovb, N. V. Zaitsevaa, K. G. Povorovab

aLomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Philosophy 119991 Moscow, Lomonosovsky prospect, 27, bldg. 4, Russia
bLomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Psychology 125009 Moscow, Mokhovaya st., 11, bldg. 9, Russia

Received 25 Jun 2021

The goal of this study was to differentiate the processes of reasoning using behavioral and oculomotor parameters on the example of various types of propositional inferences. Two variants of each type of inference (Modus Ponens, Modus Tollens, Modus Tollendo Ponens, Modus Ponendo Tollens) (correct and incorrect or with different types of disjunction) were used. Eye movements were recorded using the SMI Hi-Speed at a registration frequency of 1250 Hz. Statistically significant differences were found in the indicators of the response time, the number and duration of fixations, the number and speed of saccades, as well as the path length, depending on the types and variants of the solved inferences. The obtained data confirm that using eye tracking technology, it is possible to differentiate various types of inference.

Key words: eye tracking, cognitive procedures, inferences, reasoning, logic

DOI: 10.31857/S0235009221040065

Cite: Zaitsev D. V., Kovalev A. I., Kiselnikov A. A., Zaitseva N. V., Povorova K. G. Differentsiatsiya protsessov rassuzhdeniya na osnove pokazatelei dvizhenii glaz [Differentiation of reasoning processes based on eye movement indicators]. Sensornye sistemy [Sensory systems]. 2021. V. 35(4). P. 313–327 (in Russian). doi: 10.31857/S0235009221040065


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