• 2024 (Том 38)
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ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЙ АНАЛИЗ ФАКТОРОВ, ОПРЕДЕЛЯЮЩИХ ОСОБЕННОСТИ РАЗВИТИЯ ЗРИТЕЛЬНОГО ВНИМАНИЯ У НЕДОНОШЕННЫХ ДЕТЕЙ

© 2021 г. К. И. Кунникова1,2

1ФГБОУ ВО “Уральский государственный медицинский университет” 620028 Екатеринбург, ул. Репина, 3, Россия
kunnikova.ksenia@mail.ru
2ФГАОУ ВО “Уральский федеральный университет имени первого Президента России Б.Н. Ельцина” 620002 Екатеринбург, ул. Мира, 19, Россия

Поступила в редакцию 05.07.2021 г.

В данной работе представлен анализ отечественных и зарубежных исследований, оценивающих влияние нейробиологических, клинических и средовых факторов на развитие зрительного внимания у недоношенных детей раннего возраста. Результаты современных исследований, посвященных данному вопросу, неоднозначны. В ряде работ у недоношенных детей было выявлено отставание по скорости обработки визуальной информации в сравнении с нормативной выборкой. При этом имеются данные об ускоренном развитии зрительных функций у детей с недоношенностью вследствие более длительной подверженности сенсорной стимуляции во внешней среде. Показано также, что содержание в условиях отделения интенсивной терапии новорожденных значительно влияет на процессы кортикогенеза. Среди наиболее значимых социальных факторов можно выделить социально- экономический статус родителей, их психологические особенности и стили взаимодействия с ребенком.

Ключевые слова: недоношенность, зрительное внимание, когнитивные функции, раннее развитие, раннее вмешательство, дошкольный возраст, айтрекинг

DOI: 10.31857/S0235009221040041

Цитирование для раздела "Список литературы": Кунникова К. И. Теоретический анализ факторов, определяющих особенности развития зрительного внимания у недоношенных детей. Сенсорные системы. 2021. Т. 35. № 4. С. 294–312. doi: 10.31857/S0235009221040041
Цитирование для раздела "References": Kunnikova K. I. Teoreticheskii analiz faktorov, opredelyayushchikh osobennosti razvitiya zritelnogo vnimaniya u nedonoshennykh detei [Theoretical analysis of factors that determine features of visual attention in preterm children]. Sensornye sistemy [Sensory systems]. 2021. V. 35(4). P. 294–312 (in Russian). doi: 10.31857/S0235009221040041

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